Anubhuti Horizons of Experimental Learning Architecture of bhutan

ANUBHUTI – Horizons of Experiential Learning: Architecture of Bhutan

Anubhuti is the first book publication of Mimansa, the research cell of Smt. M. M. College of Architecture. It was inaugurated at the hands of the master Architect Christopher Beninger on the 25th of Oct. 2012.


Anubhuti is an outcome of experimentation with experiential learning by staff and students of Smt. Manoramabai Mundle College of Architecture, Nagpur, India. It is basically a documentation of research generated from the study tour to Bhutan in 2007. Significance of experiential learning for architecture education is exceptional. It is widely accepted that architecture cannot be taught, it has to be learnt. Thus learning techniques in architecture education are to be designed with utmost care and critical understanding of learning process. Experiential learning is one such technique. Study tours offer opportunities of experience variety of spaces and architecture. These experiences get manifested in designs. Refined techniques of experiential learning allow students to analyze and synthesis their own experiences and reflect on them. ‘Anubhuti’ demonstrates a technique of documenting experiences gained during educational tours of architecture students.

The tour coincided with a crucial moment in the history of Bhutan marked by the change from Monarchy to democracy. The essence of Anubhuti is the examination of ‘Impact of Socio-political and religious setup on Traditional Architecture of Bhutan’ through exhaustive documentation. Hence as a part of field work, the various typologies of traditional architecture such as Dzong, Lhakhang and Monastries were studied and documented. For emerging trends in contemporary Bhutanese architecture, the works of Ar. Christopher Benninger were referred. The traditional Bhutanese Architecture and its possible future was studied and explored through design studio.

The book gives an insight into evolution of the iconic traditional architecture of Bhutan as a result of peculiar Socio-political and religious setup. This documentation and exploration of Bhutanese architecture has been used as a means to discuss fundamental design issues which remain constant yet there are variations in it due to context and time, which is architecture of place and period.

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